Vallabhbhai Patel was born on October 31, 1875, in Nadiad, Gujarat, India. His father’s name is Zaverbhai and his mother name is Ladbai. His father was a farmer while his mother was a very spiritual woman. Vallabhbhai Patel Started his academic career in a Gujarati medium school, Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel later shifted to an English medium school. In 1897, Vallabhbhai accepted his high school and started preparing for law examination. He went to get a degree in law and traveled to England in 1910. He finished his law degree in 1913 from Inns of Court and return to India to start his law practice in Godhra, Gujarat. For his legal proficiency, Vallabhbhai was offered many profitable posts by the British Government but he rejected all. He was a reliable challenger of the British government and its laws and therefore decided not to work for the British.
In 1891 he married Zaverbai and the couple had two children 1 daughter and 1 son named Maniben Patel, Dahyabhai Patel. Patel shifted his practice to Ahmedabad. He became a member of the Gujarat Club where he attended a lecture by Mahatma Gandhi. Gandhi’s words deeply affected Vallabhbai and he soon adopted Gandhian principles to become a staunch follower of the charismatic leader.
Vallabhbhai come into light during the Bardoli movement where he fights for farmers against the British government, In 1925 Bardoli in Gujarat suffered very badly by famine and floods, due to this the farmers are facing problems of causing crop production due to this the farmers are facing great financial problems, the British government had raised the tax rate of 30% that years farmer request the government to roll back the tax raise but British Government refused to cancel the rise in tax. The government started seizing property and cattle of the farmers. Here Vallabhbhai Patel runs the movement against the British Government for the benefits of farmers.
The Government agreed to return the seized lands and properties, as well as cancel revenue payment not only for the year but cancel the 30% raise until after the succeeding year. After the successful movement of Bardoli, the Vallabhbhai Patel get the reward of Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel.
After Independence of India, Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel was the first Deputy Prime Minister and first Home Minister of India. It was his skill where he consolidation of more than 565 semi-autonomous princely states to form a united India. He organized relief camps for refugees in Delhi and Punjab for people. Patel has very closely attached with Mahatma Gandhi, After the death of Mahatma Gandhi, Sardar Patel’s health started weakening, he suffered a major heart attack within the few months of Gandhi’s death. He died on 15th December 1950. He was a man with high courage and determination due to this quality people called him the “Iron Man of India”.